Burmese military chiefs must face genocide charges, says UN

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On Monday, the UN's Human Rights Council released a report following a six-month "fact-finding mission" and called for six Myanmar military generals to be tried in the International Criminal Court, to which Myanmar is not a party.

It extended culpability for the humanitarian crisis in Rakhine state to Myanmar's civilian government, led by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi.

It raises the remarkable prospect that the Nobel Peace Prize victor could see her own generals put on trial for crimes against humanity.

The report also recommends that United Nations member states urgently establish an International, Independent, Impartial Mechanism - similar to the Syria IIIM - to collect, evaluate, and preserve evidence to assist criminal investigations and prosecutions of atrocity crimes committed in Myanmar, including by third states using their universal jurisdiction laws.

But the report said the crimes it documented were "shocking for the level of denial, normalcy and impunity that is attached to them". The list included Commander-in-Chief Ming Aung Hlaing and his deputy.

Myanmar has denied allegations made by refugees, saying its troops engaged in lawful counterinsurgency operations against Muslim militants.

In a report, they called for the U.N. Security Council to set up an ad hoc tribunal to try suspects or refer them to the International Criminal Court in the Hague.

Facebook (FB) said that the ban applied to Myanmar Commander-in-Chief Senior-General Min Aung Hlaing as well as a military television network.

Worldwide groups have accused the military of carrying out ethnic cleansing, or even genocide, an allegation denied by the government, which says it was responding to attacks on security forces.

In the final 20-page report, it said: "There is sufficient information to warrant the investigation and prosecution of senior officials in the Tatmadaw (army) chain of command, so that a competent court can determine their liability for genocide in relation to the situation in Rakhine state". "Its standard response is to deny, dismiss and obstruct", the United Nations report said.

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The fact-finders dismissed the government and security forces' claims that the operation was a legitimate response to attacks by Rohingya insurgents on police outposts on August 25.

Speaking in Singapore last week, Ms. Suu Kyi said the military had acted in response to terrorist attacks and said she had a good relationship with Myanmar's generals. Instead, investigators relied on satellite imagery, photographs and videos and "875 in-depth interviews with victims and eyewitnesses".

One of those commanders, Lt. Gen. Aung Kyaw Zaw, has already been singled out for USA sanctions as punishment for the attacks on Rohingya.

The report said the situation was a "catastrophe looming for decades", and an inevitable result of "severe, systemic and institutionalised oppression from birth to death".

But the claims were undercut by a police witness who said his superior had ordered a set-up and by arguments that the allegedly secret documents had been published in state media.

Across the border in Myanmar, the government said security patrols had been increased in the conflict area ahead of the anniversary for fear of further violence. "The extent to which Facebook posts and messages have led to real-world discrimination and violence must be independently and thoroughly examined", it said.

In a blog post on Monday, August 27, Facebook said it removed 18 Facebook accounts, one Instagram account, and 52 Facebook Pages with a combined following of nearly 12 million people.

Last week, CBSN spoke to Reuters global investigative reporter Steve Stecklow, who wrote about the discovery of more than 1,000 examples of posts, comments and images on Facebook attacking the minority group.

"While we were too slow to act, we're now making progress", the company said.