Walter Freeman, an assistant teaching professor at Syracuse University in NY state, said: "A little bit of sunlight is refracted by the Earth's atmosphere and reaches the Moon, bending around the edges of the Earth".
The actual color of the "blood moon" will differ depending on atmospheric conditions. The Wolf Moon is the traditional name for January's full moon.
A total lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth passes exactly between the sun and the moon, creating a shadow which stops solar rays reaching the lunar surface. At that time, the Moon will start to dim, but only slightly.
According to BBC, the eclipse will begin at 2.35 am GMT in the United Kingdom and will last till 7.49 am GMT.
Technically, this lunar eclipse will also appear larger than other, non-supermoon eclipses, but the casual observer may struggle to tell a difference.
The partial eclipse begins Sunday about 10:33 or 10:34 p.m. And if you want to shoot it with your DSLR, read our sister site PCMag's guide to How to Photograph a Total Lunar Eclipse.
He said that the total lunar eclipse would be the last eclipse to be experienced until 2021.
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As the full moon passes by Earth this weekend, it will be at a distance of 222,043 miles (357,344 km).
1 - Spend your Sunday at Lowell Observatory for a total lunar eclipse after-hours celebration. The third class - penumbral eclipses - are hard to see.
"Interestingly, our election could be influenced by these eclipses as the effects can last up to six months afterwards", she says. According to the Old Farmer's Almanac, Native American tribes named each of full moons - this one referring to howling canines outside of villages. At least two partial eclipses happen every year, but total lunar eclipses are rare.
'The moon will be red between about 4.40am and about 6.45am, so it's actually more than an hour that you have to observe this blood moon phenomenon where the moon is totally eclipsed, ' Mr Kerss said.
You won't need any special equipment to view the super blood moon, it will be impossible to miss with a glance at the sky. "[And] if you were standing on the moon, the earth would look 4x bigger than normal, so it easily covers that sun up".
So if Sunday night's moon looks darker, browner or more obscured than usual for an eclipse, its was most likely caused by volcanic activity.
Ancient Mesopotamians believed that a lunar eclipse was the result of seven demons attacking the Moon. You will also use this observation to figure out where the moon is in the sky.