Indians: Frank Robinson, MLB’s first African-American manager, has passed away

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He also became the first African-American manager when he was hired by the Cleveland Indians in October 1974.

Robinson had coached for the Orioles and worked in their front office when he became their manager in 1988 after the team opened at 0-6.

While Robinson was fiery on the field, he was even more so off it as he fought for civil rights for much of his playing career especially once he moved to Baltimore. After signing with the Cincinnati Reds in 1953, he faced a tough road filled with racist taunts and death threats.

Baseball Hall of Famer and former Indian Frank Robinson has died at 83.

In 1975, Robinson became the first African-American manager in Major League Baseball when he was named player-manager of the Cleveland Indians.

Fourth on the career home run list behind only Hank Aaron, Babe Ruth, and Willie Mays when he retired with 586 dingers, Robinson now ranks 10th on the list.

Robinson went on to run the dugouts of the Giants (becoming the first black manager in the National League), Orioles, and Expos/Nationals. The Reds, Orioles, and Indians all retired his jersey number (No. 20).

Robinson's playing career spanned 21 seasons, from the mid-50s to the mid-70s.

Horton says Robinson's intensity on the field and charming personality and kindness off it "set the standard" for the next 12-15 years in Baltimore when he joined the Orioles in 1966.

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The MLB website said Robinson, who died at his California home, had been suffering from a long-term illness.

Robinson spent part of 21 seasons as a player in the majors.

Major League Baseball Commissioner Rob Manfred released the following statement in the wake of Robinson's passing.

Robinson won the 1966 and 1970 World Series with the Orioles, and was named World Series MVP in 1966.

One Sunday in a long-ago spring, sudden lightning cracked from Frank Robinson's bat, and in a few electric seconds, one of Baltimore's greatest legends was born.

In his 1966 season, he had one of the greatest offensive outputs in baseball history.

Robinson was named the NL Rookie of the Year in 1956 after hitting 38 home runs and driving in 83 runs. If you don't know much about Frank Robinson, I recommend looking him up. The award honors "individuals for an especially meritorious contribution to the security or national interests of the United States, to world peace, or to cultural or other significant public or private endeavors".

In 2005, Robinson was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush, and six years later he would be appointed as Executive Vice President of Baseball Development by Bud Selig, then the commissioner of the MLB.

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