Russian Federation and China vetoed the resolution, calling for a free and fair presidential election in Venezuela and unhindered aid access.
Ahead of the Security Council votes on Thursday, French U.N. Ambassador Francois Delattre, in support of the USA -drafted resolution, said it "does not represent a legal basis for a use of force, nor an attempt to undermine the sovereignty of Venezuela".
The proposed United States text - which called for new presidential elections in Venezuela and unimpeded deliveries of humanitarian aid - won the required nine votes at the 15-member council, but Moscow and Beijing joined forces to block it. The strongest criticism was the FANB's ongoing support for the legitimate president, Nicolas Maduro. Four countries voted in favor of the resolution, while four others abstained and seven other council members rejected it.
The rival resolutions reflect the deep divisions in the Security Council over the political conflict in oil-rich Venezuela, which faces a humanitarian crisis and a collapsing economy.
Venezuela has been plunged into a political crisis since January 23 when National Assembly President Juan Guaido declared himself interim president and was recognized by the US and some other countries. "This man-made crisis has extended well beyond Venezuela's borders and threatens to destabilize the region", USA special envoy for Venezuela Elliott Abrams told the council. South Africa voted no while Indonesia, Equatorial Guinea and Ivory Coast abstained.
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Russian Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia meanwhile accused the United States of putting forward a text that was "written for regime change, disguised as care for people". Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro has called Bolsonaro "a modern-day Hitler" and has accused him of plotting a military intervention in Venezuela.
President Trump didn't refer to Maduro by name while addressing the issu.
Russian Federation and China are key allies of Venezuela.
"If there are threats against peace, those threats come from overseas", Venezuela's U.N. Ambassador Samuel Moncada told the Security Council on Thursday.
The crisis turned violent over the weekend when four people died in clashes at Venezuela's borders during an attempt led by Guaido to bring in humanitarian aid from Colombia and Brazil.